What is Bipolar Disorder?This is a very good question indeed? Bipolar Disorder is in my oppinion a fight in ones self between Happiness and Sadness. The common definition states that Bipolar Disorder(formerly known as manic depression) is attributed to severe mood shifts from periods of highs with energy and activity(manic) to lows with lethargy, sadness or hopelessness(depression). These symptons usually start in the late teenage and early adult period of life(15-25) and affect both men and women equally.
There are actually 4 different types of Bipolar Disorder.
- Bipolar 1: This type has manic episodes and periods of major depression.
- Bipolar 2: This type has lower episodes of mania that alternate with episodes of depression.
- Cyclothymia: This is a milder form.
- BP-NOS(Bipolar - Not Otherwise Specified): For those with the symptoms but do not fit the criteria for the previous types.
Triggers for those with Bipolar DisorderIn most people with bipolar disorder, there is no clear cause for the manic or depressive episodes. The following may trigger a manic episode in people with bipolar disorder:
- Life Changes Such as Child Birth
- Medications such as antidepressants or steroids
- Periods of sleeplessness
- Recreational drug use
Bipolar Disorder SymptomsThe manic phase can last from days to months, here are some of the symptoms:
- Easily Distracted
- Little Need for Sleep
- Poor Judgement
- Poor Temper Control
- Reckless behavior and lack of Self Control
- Binge Eating, Drinking, and/or drug use
- Poor Judgement
- Sex with many partners
- Spending Sprees
- Very Elevated Mood
- Excess Activity
- Increased Energy
- Racing Thoughts
- Talking A Lot
- Very High Self-Asteem(False Beleifs about self and abilities)
- Very involved in activities
- Very Upset(Agitated or Irritated)
The depressed phase of both types of bipolar disorder includes the following symptoms:
- Daily low mood or sadness
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
- Eating problems
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Overeating and weight gain
- Fatigue or lack of energy
- Feeling worthless, hopeless, or guilty
- Loss of pleasure in activities once enjoyed
- Loss of self-esteem
- Thoughts of death and suicide
- Trouble getting to sleep or sleeping too much
- Pulling away from friends or activities that were once enjoyed